बुधवार, 16 मार्च 2011



Traditional Evidences

Incarnation of Lord Krishna in Mathura is the most auspicious
incidence in the Braja Bhoomi. Infact, the birth place of Lord
Krishna is the prison of Kaunsa. However, in due course of time,
surrounding area of birth place of Krishna is known as "Katara

Archaeological and historical evidences show that birth place of
Krishna is given different names. Mr. F.S. Grauja, Archaeologist
and the then collector of Mathura opined that Katara Keshavdev
and surrounding area is known as Mathura alone. From historical
literature, the historian Kaniham, informed that there was a
Jungle king named Madhu. The place is named after him as
"Madhupur" which is known as "Maholi" today. After the defeat of
King Madhu, surrounding area of prison presently called as
"Bhuteshwar" was called as Mathura and the same was Katara
Keshavdev. The historian Kaniham called this as Keshavpur.
Another scholar Dr. Vasudev Sharan Agarwal has called Katara
Keshavdev as Krishna Janma Bhoomi. From these different studies
and evidences regarding evolution of Mathura, Mr. Krishnadatta
Vajpaye, the second curator of political museum of Mathura,
accepted that Katara Keshavdev is the birth place of Lord

Archaeological evidences and history of attacks.

>From the analysis of Archaeological research and thousands of
archaeological fragments of Katara Keshavdev and the different
writings of foreign tourists, it is evident that huge temples
were built from time to time at this place. The evidence show
that Brajanabh the great grand son of Krishna, has built first
temple at the prison of Kaunsa where the Lord Krishna was born.
>From the stones script written in Brahmi script "Mahakshatrap
Shodash" (B.D. 80-57) it is evident that a person named Vasu has
built a Festonn and Sacrificial Altar at the birth place of
Krishna. During the regime of Chandragupta, Vikramaditya, the
temple was rebuilt. During this period this temple was not only
the place of Vaidik religion but also the place of faith for
Buddhas, Jainas. In A.D.1017 this gracious temple was looted by
Mahamood of Gajanabi. In the book, Tarike Yamini written by Mir
Munshi Al-Utabi, it is stated that in the very middle of the city
there was a elegant temple which appeared to have been built by
angles. It is very difficult to describe the elegance of the
temples in words and in pictures. Sultan Mohammed has also stated
that if anybody tries to built such a gracious temple, the
expenses would be 10 crores of Dinar and it will take not less
than 200 years. However, Mohammed has destroyed this temple in
the heat of anger. The history shows that the very sincere
devotion towards Krishna and lively Hinduism inspired a person
named Jajja to built another Krishna Janma Bhoomi and during the
regime of Maharana Vijaypal Dev of Mathura in 1150, the temple was
rebuilt. The evidence from stones script written in Sanskrit at
Katara Keshavdev shows that the temple has become the target of
destruction in the evil eye of Muslim rulers. During the regime
of Sikander Lodi, Krishna Janma Bhoomi was once again destroyed.
After about 125 years during the rule of Jahangir King, Vir Sinha
Judev Bundela constructed a very huge temple of 250 feet tall
at the cost of Rs.33 lakhs. In order to protect the temple from
evil eye of Muslim rulers, a tall and strong wall was built around
the temple. Even today, we can find the remnants of this wall.

Destruction of huge temple by Aurangajeb.

The foreign tourist from France, Italy have described this temple
as elegant and master piece of architect. The tourist Taivaniyar
from France, Manuchi from Italy described the temple as beautiful
master piece. The apex of temple was covered with Gold and it was
so tall that one can see from distance of 36 miles away from
Agra. All these praise worthy writings regarding the temple made
Aurangajeb angry and he destroyed the temple in 1669. He was so
irritated about the elegance of Hindu temples that bricks and
other material recovered from the destruction of temple was used
by him to make a big chair. The height of destructive mind of
Aurangajeb is nothing but the construction of Idgah at the very
birth place of Krishna. However, it is felt that Aurangajeb was
punished for his evil act of destruction of Keshavdev Mandir as
he could not live happily and could not return back alive from
South. Not only that his sons stood against him and in the
process they could not protect the Idgah during the war time and
ultimately Agra and Mathura became part of Maratha Kingdom.

Auction by East India Company.

Marathas declared the whole area of Katara Keshavdev including
Idgah as unowned property and nobody has taken care of this
property. In 1802 Lord Lake acquired victory over Marathas and
Mathura and Agra became part and parcel of East India Company. In
1815 East India Company declared auction of Katara Keshavdev area
admeasuring 13.37 sq.acres. This area was sold to King
Patnimal of Kashi. However, though King wanted to built a
gracious temple in the memory of Lord Krishna, the Muslims took
objection that the auction was only for Katara Keshavdev and not
for Idgah.

Legal Case

In the year 1878, for the first time, Muslims registered the
case. They stated that Katara Keshavdev is property of Idgah and
Idgah was built by the King Aurangajeb. In this case evidence was
demanded from Mathura. The then collector secretary Mr. Tailor
stated that this area was unowned in the regime of Maratha.
However, the East India Company has also considered the area as
unclaimed. Subsequently, in the year 1815 King Patnimal has
purchased the area in auction. He further added that according to
the verdict, King Patnimal was the owner of the area including
other constructions and Idgah.

Second time the case was registered as Ahmed Shah V/s. Gopi under
section 447/352 I.P.C. Mathura in the court of second class
Magistrate, Anthony. In this case, Ahmed Shah alleged that the
watchman of Idgah, Gopi, was constructing a road in the western
side of Katara Keshavdev. However, that road is the property of
Idgah and hence, Ahmed Shah stopped Gopi from improving the road.
In this case, the learned judge gave decision that the road was
the property of family Patnimal and allegation made by Ahmed Shah
was untrue.

The Third case was made by the district judge of Agra in the
civil court. Appeal No.236 of 1921 and 276 of 1920. This appeal
was made in opposition to the decision given by Judge Hoper of
Mathura. In the verdict of this case, it is stated that East
India Company had auctioned entire area and sold to King at
Rs.1140/- and tax was collected by the King. In the court
verdict, decision is given as the disputable area is not of Idgah
as Idgah is property of King Patnimal

Declaration of Hindu rights on entire area

In the year 1928, Muslims installed a mill for maintenance and
renovation of Idgah. Again the case was registered in the Court
of Law and learned Pandit Bishan Narayan Tankha gave the verdict
that Katara Keshavdev is the property of descendants of Raja
Patnimal and hence neither renovation of Idgah nor
installation of mill is allowed. On 7.2.1944 Pandit Madan-Mohan
Malvia expressed his desire to build Shri Krishna Temple at that
place. From the inspiration of M.M.Malvia, Jugal Kishore Birla
purchased the entire area at Rs.13,400/- and a trust was formed
by Malvia, Hanuman Prasad Potdar & Bhikamal Atriya.

Again case was registered by the trust on the point that due to
some mistake the name of the Idgah is not on the Govt. documents
and the area was sold at a very low price. In 1946 the case was
rejected and verdict was given as Katara Keshavdev is property of
the descendants of Raja Patnimal and subsequently, it is sold to
Shri Krishna Janma Bhoomi Trust. In this way, the case was
rejected by the learned Judge. Subsequently, in the year 1960
when again the case was reopened the verdict given by the Judge
was as follows.

"On the analysis of the accounts of Municipal Council of Mathura
and other evidences, it is learnt that land tax is paid by the
trust and hence, Idgah is the property of Krishna Janma Bhoomi
Sanstha. Muslims have right to go to Idgah only on the occasion
of Id for Namaj.

Our demands

Whatever may be the dispute between Muslims and Hindus, the final
decision is that Idgah is the property of Krishna Janma Bhoomi
Trust. Even as on today, land tax for the entire area including
Idgah is being paid by the Trust and hence, we demand that Idgah
is the property of Krishna Janma Bhoomi Trust. Idgah is the
property of Hindus and ownership of that should be immediately
given to the Hindus. Once the property comes in the ownership of
Hindus, we will build a very huge gracious monument of Shree
Krishna at the place, which will be the centre of the whole world
from where the preaching of the Geeta will be spread over for
the betterment of the world.

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